首页> 学习资料> 教学资讯>
  • 微信扫码分享

人教版新目标英语九年级Unit 4重点短语和知识点梳理

阅读量:1717     2022.01.28 作者:  奇速英语何蒙蒙

人教版英语九年级Unit 4 I used to be afraid of the dark.

一、重点短语

1.used to do 过去常常做

2.deal with 对付 应付

3.be proud of 为……骄傲 ,感到自豪

4.take pride in 为……感到自豪

5.from time to time 时常,有时

6.in public 公开地

7.in person 亲身,亲自

8.take up sth 开始做,接受,占用

9.not……anymore 不再

10.worry about 为……担忧

11.hang out 闲逛

12.think about 考虑

13.be alone 独处

14.on the soccer team 在足球队

15.no longer 不再

16.make a decision 做决 定

17.to one’s surprise 令某人吃惊的是

18.even though 尽管

19.pay attention to 对……注意,留心

20.in the last few years 在过去的几年里

21.be afraid of 害怕

22.turn red 变红

23.tons of attention 很多关注

24.be careful 当心

25.give up 放弃

26.a very small number of …极少数的……

27.give a speech 作演讲

28.all the time 一直 总是

29.be interested in 对……感兴趣

30.change one’s life 改变某人的生活

31.take care of 照顾

32.one of…, ……之一


二、重点句型

1. I used to be afraid of the dark.

我过去常常前害怕黑暗.

2.I go to sleep with my bedroom light on.

我开着卧室的灯睡觉.

3. I used to spend a lot of time playing games with my friends.

以前我常常花很多时间和我的朋友们玩游戏.

4. I hardly ever have time for concerts.

我几乎没有时间去听音乐会.

5. My life has changed a lot in the last few years.

我的生活在过去几年里改变了很多.

6. It will make you stressed out.

那会使你紧张的.

7. It seems that Yu Mei has changed a lot.

玉梅似乎变化很大.


三、考点解析

Section A

考点① She was never brave enough to ask questions.她从来没有足够的勇气去问问题。

enough此处用作副词,意为“足够地”。修饰形容词或副词时,置于其后。enough还可以用作形容词,修饰名词,位于名词前后皆可。

He is old enough to look after himself. 

他足够大,可以照顾自己了。

There’s enough time\time enough. 

有足够时间。


助记:enough在句中的位置:修饰名词很自由,可以置前也可后。若是修饰形或副,一定后置莫忘记。


The young man is ________ to save the girl in the river.

A. enough brave   B. brave enough 

C. enough bravely D. bravely enough

答案:B


考点② She was always silent in class.她在课堂上总是沉默。

silent意为“不说话的,沉默的”:

be silent意为“沉默”,

keep silent意为“保持沉默”。

Why did he keep silent all the time? 

为什么她一直保持沉默?


助记:

silently adv.  沉默地

silent adj.  

silence n.沉默

→ in silence 沉默地


考点③ Candy told me that she used to be really shy and took up singing to deal with her shyness.

坎迪告诉我她过去非常害羞,开始用唱歌来应对她的羞涩。

(1)take up意为“开始从事”,后跟名词、动名词的作宾语。

It’s difficult to take up a new subject. 

开始一个新课题是很困难的。

You’d better take up learning computer. 

你最好开始学习电脑。


—Mr. Lee said he ________ teaching English because he loved children.

—Yes. And his love for children and teaching makes him a great teacher.

A. turned up  B. took up

C. gave up    D. set up


拓展:take up 还有“占用;占据”之意。

Practising the piano is always taking up his time. 

练习钢琴总是占用他的时间。 


(2)deal with意为“对付,应对”,常与how连用。

 He must deal with many difficulties. 

他必须应对许多。

 —How did you deal with the sick dog? 

你怎么处理那只生病的狗?

 —I sent it to the animals’ hospital. 

我把它送到了宠物医院。


(1)How would you like to deal ___ the broken windows?

A.with   B.on

C.at     D.in

(2) —Many students don’t know how to ___ stress and become worried.

—I think they’d better ask their teachers for help.

A.argue with    B.deal with 

C.quarrel with  D.come up with


考点④ As she got better, she dare to sing in front of her class...

当她变得好点时,她敢在她的同学面前唱歌了……

dare此处用作实义动词,意为“敢于;胆敢”,其第三人称单数形式为dares,过去式为dared,其后常接带to的动词不定式。

He dares to touch the dog. 

他敢摸这只狗。

I didn’t dare to swim in the river. 

我不敢在河里游泳。


拓展:dare还可用作情态动词,意为“敢,敢于”,后接动词原形,通常用于否定句中。

I dare not sleep alone. 

我不敢独自睡觉。

I daren’t tell her the truth. 

我不敢对她讲实话。


The boy is very brave. He ________ to catch the thief without thinking of anything else.

A. dares    B. wants

C. asks     D. allows


He didn’t dare ___ (speak) in front of the people.


考点⑥ You really require a lot of talent and hard work to succeed. 为了成功你的确需要很多天赋和艰辛的工作。

require及物动词,意为“需要,要求”。常用搭配为:require sb. to do sth. ,意为“要求某人做某事”。

The letter requires an immediate answer. 

这封信需要立即回复。

We required him to keep it secret. 

我们要求他对这件事保密。


注意:主语是事物时,require后接不定式的被动形式或动名词(用主动形式表被动意义)。

The machine requires repairing. 

这台机器需要修理。


To do the work well _________ great attention.

A. suggests   B. requires

C. advises    D. introduces

答案:B


Section B

考点①  When he was a little boy, he seldom caused any problems, and his family spent a lot of time together.当他还是小男孩的时候,他很少引起任何问题,他的家人在一起度过了很多时光。 

seldom副词,意为“很少,不常”,相当于not often。常置于行为动词之前、助动词、情态动词等之后。

She seldom goes home. 

她很少回家。

He is seldom late for school.

他上学很少迟到。


拓展:在书面语中,seldom, hardly等表示否定意义的词置于句首时,主谓部分要倒装,即把助动词或连系动词be提前。

 Seldom do I speak Japanese.

我很少讲日语。


注意:含有seldom, hardly, never, few, little, nothing, nobody等否定含义的词的句子变反义疑问句时,其附加问句应用肯定式。

The old man seldom reads newspapers, does he? 

这位老人很少看报,是吗?


—Would you like to see a movie with us?

—I’d love to. And I’m so excited because I ______ have a chance to see it.

A. always   B. usually

C. seldom   D. often

—Do you like seeing a movie on your mobile phone?

—No. I ______ do that because it makes me uncomfortable.

A. seldom   B. often

C. usually  D. sometimes


考点② Li Wen’s unhappiness began to influence his schoolwork.李文的不快乐开始影响他的学业。

influence此处用作及物动词,意味“影响”。

What he said can’t influence his daughter’s decision. 

他所说的话不会影响女儿的决定。


拓展:influence用作名词,意为“影响”:

have a\an ...influence on\upon...意为“对……有……的影响”。

His education has a great influence on his life. 

他的教育对他的生活有很大的影响。


We know what we read can ___ our thinking.

A.face        B.realize

C.influence   D.lose


考点③  Sometimes he was absent from classes and failed his examinations. 

他有时旷课,并且考试不及格。

(1)be absent from意为“缺席……”。absent此处为形容词,意为“缺席;不在”。

He was absent from the meeting because of illness. 

他由于生病缺席了会议。

How many students are absent today? 

今天有多少学生缺课?


拓展:absent还可用作及物动词,意为“(使)缺席”。

Why did you absent yourself from yesterday’s party? 

你为什么缺席了昨天的聚会?


(2)fail动词,意为“不及格;失败;未能(做到)”。

fail to do sth.“未能做成某事”。

Your plans failed. 

你们的计划失败了。

I failed to finish the work on time. 

我未能按时完成工作。


拓展:“考试不及格”有多种表达方式:

fail the exam, 

fail in the exam, 

fail to pass the exam


—Why did John look unhappy?   

—Because he ______ the last exam.

A. passed    B. failed

C. gave      D. took


考点④ Finally, Li Wen’s parents made the decision to send him to a boarding school.最后,李文的父母决定送他去寄宿学校。

make a decision to do sth.意为“决定做某事”,相当于decide to do sth.。

He made a decision to learn English well. 

他决定学好英语。


拓展:

① decision名词,意为“决定”。

② decide动词,意为“决定”。

He decided to learn English well. 

他决定学好英语。


1.The children decide ___ their school yard this Friday afternoon.

A.clean     B.to clean

C.cleaning  D.cleaned

2.At last,he made an important ___.(decide)


考点⑤ She advised them to talk with their son in person.她建议他们亲自与儿子谈谈。

(1)advise sb. to do sth.意为“建议某人做某事”。

What would you advise me to do? 

你想建议我做什么?


Why don’t you advise your son ______ a decision by himself?

A. make   B.to make

C. made   D. making


(2)in person 意为“亲身;亲自”。 

He said he would do that in person. 

他说他将亲自做那件事。


考点⑥ Now I understand that even though they are busy, they are always thinking of me.现在我明白了,尽管他们很忙,他们总是想着我。

be always doing sth.意为“总是做某事”,通常表示说话人的某种情绪,如赞扬、责备等。

He is always helping others. 

他总是乐于助人。

You are always making the same mistake. 

你总是犯同样的错误。


注意:always do sth. 意为“总是做某事”,指陈述事实,不含感情色彩。

His father always reads newspapers in the morning. 

他父亲总是在早晨看报纸。


考点⑦ They take pride in everything good that I do . 他们为我做的每件好事感到自豪。

take pride in意为“为……感到自豪”,in为介词,后跟名词、代词或动词-ing形式。pride此处为不可数名词,意为“自豪,骄傲”。

His father takes great pride in his result. 

他的父亲为他的成绩感到非常自豪。

Mary took pride in winning the competition. 

玛丽为赢得比赛而感到自豪。


提示:be proud of意为“为……感到自豪”,可以与take pride in互换。

The young mother took pride in her son.

=The young mother was proud of her son.


—Mom,I was the first to reach the top of the mountain.

—Good job,Jack.I’m ____ of you.

A.careful  B.proud

C.tired    D.afraid


四、单元语法

used to 的用法

1. used to意为“过去经常;以前常常”,是一个固定结构,属于情态动词范畴,其后跟动词原形。它表示过去存在的某种状态或过去某种经常性、习惯性的行为或动作,并意味着这种情况目前已不复存在,因此,它只能用于过去时,不可以用于现在时。

He used to play basketball with his friends after school.

他过去放学后常与他的朋友们打篮球。

We used to travel around the country.

我们过去常去全国各地旅行。


2. used to常用did和didn’t来构成疑问句或否定句。

Did she use to like singing popular songs? 

她过去喜欢唱流行歌曲吗?

Tom used to listen to rock music, didn’t he?

汤姆过去常听摇滚乐,是吗?

My father didn’t use to water flowers in his garden. 

我父亲过去不常常在院子里浇花。


3. used to也可以用于there be结构,表示“过去有”。

There used to be a meeting every Mondy morning last month.

上个月每星期一上午总开会。

There used to be lots of trees.

过去有许多树。


辨析:used to do, be used to do与be used to doing


used to do “过去常常做某事”,用于各种人称,只用于过去时

be used to do “被用于做某事”是被动语态,可用于各种人称、时态,其中used是实义动词use“用”的过去式

be used to doing “习惯于做某事”用于各种人称、时态,其中to是介词


一言辨异:

The boy used to play with stones, and the stones were used to make into many things, but now he is used to playing with his toy cars.

这个男孩过去常玩石头,那些石头被用来做成很多东西,但他现在习惯于玩玩具汽车。


经典例题 

—How is your grandma?

—She’s fine. She used to _______ TV at home after supper. But now she is used to ________ out for a walk.

A. watch; go       B. watching; go 

C. watching; going   D. watch; going

答案:D


—Your mother plays tennis very often, doesn't she? 

—Well, she doesn't like it now. But she ________.

A. wanted to   B. would like to

C. used to     D. hoped to

答案:C


He used to spend much time playing games.

_______ _______ ________ ________ spend much time playing games?(改为一般疑问句)

答案:Did he use to


He _______ ________ _________ spend much time playing games.(改为否定句)

答案:didn’t use to


五、写作专题

1. 她以前是黑色的短发,而现在是美丽的棕色长卷发;

2. 她以前有点胖,性格内向,而现在很苗条,性格开朗;

3. 她以前很怕狗,而现在却养了一只大狗作为宠物。

要求:

1) 词数80词左右;

2)开头及结尾已经给出,不计入总词数。

参考词汇:

used to do过去常常做某事;

outgoing开朗;b

e afraid of sth.害怕某物


1. 确定时态:用一般过去时描述过去的情况,用一般现在时描写现在的情况;

2. 理清写作的逻辑顺序,注意过去与现在的对比,各种句式交替使用,以免文章显得呆板。


参考句型:

(1) …used to do...but now…

(2)…has/have changed a lot in the last few years

(3) be used to doing...


范文:

Yesterday, when I was walking in the street, I met an old friend of mine, Li Na.
We haven’t seen each other for a long time. It seems that she has changed a lot. I am very surprised.
She used to wear short black hair. But now she has beautiful long curly brown hair. She used to be a little heavy and quiet. But now she’s very slim and outgoing. She used to be terrified of dogs, but now she even keeps a big dog as a pet.
We talked a lot, and we both missed the old days.

奇速通英语学习机与其他学习机的最大不同,是它一改当前教辅千人一面,传统教培针对性差、传统学习机缺乏针对性等局面;是奇速英语国际教育研究院精心研发的英语学习平板电脑。

奇速通英语学习机——以PAD(平板电脑)为载体,经过奇速英语国际教育研究院多年的教学教研实践,融合了奇速英语“兴趣、习惯、方法、思维”八字教育理念,涵盖学习内容(奇速英语知识产权特色单词阅读课程、大数据个性化分析系统、同步课程、专项课程、素质拓展课等)。奇速通英语学习机立足学生的英语薄弱点:抓单词、重阅读、夯基础、提能力、拓思维,实现硬件、软件、服务三位一体的优化;专机专用、拒绝游戏、大数据个性化精准减负增效。不仅适用于家庭首选(书房变培训班),也适用于双减机构转型(可合作代理)。

奇速英语—基于大数据技术的个性化学习!对产品的品质把控和服务,都能够让用户们更加放心、省心。

家长所关心的问题都在这儿!详情咨询添加老师微信:17760376675

首先,奇速通英语学习机,专机专用,拒绝游戏;

其次,奇速通英语学习机,一课三练(覆盖小、初、高中英语知识点,通过“测-学-练”科学学习三步法,让孩子快速发现自己的学习薄弱点,并针对针对性预习和复习,从小养成学英语的科学学习习惯)、特色课程、专项课程、同步知识点,素质拓展课等全面提升英语素养能力;学习内容如下:

1.《思维导图联想记忆800词汇》

适用人群:适用于所有版本教材,中小学生及英语爱好者。

教学目标:以单词速记和快速阅读为主线的800词汇,辅以听、说、读、写奇速特色课程,建立语感,提高兴趣,扩大词汇量、拓展英语思维。

2.《思维导图联想记忆1600词汇》

适用人群:适用于所有版本教材,中小学生及英语爱好者。

教学目标:以单词速记和快速阅读为主线的1600词汇,辅以听、说、读、写奇速特色课程,奠定基础,提高能力,扩大词汇量、掌握英语学习方法。

3.《一本小说24个故事学习高中3500词汇》

适用人群:适用于所有版本教材,中小学生及英语爱好者。

教学目标:高中大纲3500词汇,以24个故事导出单词速记和快速阅读为主线,一本小说速记小初高3500单词围绕着故事都进行了词汇、句型、写作、完型等方面的扩展,涵盖了词汇、语法、写作、阅读等大纲要求的模块。因此,学生可以在享受故事情节的轻松时刻,潜移默化中学习了新课标的单词,听说读写能力综合提升。

4.中级阅读课程

采用教材:英语初级阅读写作教材。

教学目标:初级英语阅读写作训练,适用于小学、初中生;使学生掌握一套行之有效,能养成良好的英语阅读习惯。详情咨询添加老师微信:17760376675

5.高级阅读课程

采用教材:英语高级阅读写作教材。

教学目标:高级英语阅读写作训练,适用于初中生、高中生;使学生掌握一套行之有效,养成良好的英语阅读习惯的同时,还能做大量阅读题型的,英语听说读写全面提升。


本文由网友自行投稿发布或来源于网络,不代表本站最终观点,如果内容若侵犯你的权益,请联系本站删除。

关注公众号,随时随地学习

奇速优课

微信扫码关注公众号

相关推荐
发表评论

未登录

登录
最新评论