1．absent adj.缺席的→adj.茫然的，恍惚的 She looked at the picture in an absent(茫然的)way. 2．ache v．& n．疼痛→v.渴望 Having left for ages，he was aching(渴望)for home. 3．address n．地址 v.写地址→vt.发表演说 The president will address(发表演说)his speech at 3：00 pm. 4．against prep.逆着，反对；倚，靠；碰→prep.以...为背景 The picture looks nice against(以...为背景)the white wall. 5．attend v．出席；参加→v.看护；治疗；陪同 The nurse attended(看护)to him day and night. 6．blank adj.空白的 n.空白→adj.没表情的；空虚的；没兴趣的 The stranger returned my greeting with a blank(没表情的)look. 7．blue adj.& n．蓝色→adj.忧伤的 His songs always make me feel blue(忧伤的)． 8．build vt.建筑，建造→v.逐渐增强 n.体格，体形，身材 One should receive training to build(逐渐增强)up one's confidence. You're right，Josh. He may have a small build(身材)． 9．cause vt.促使，引起→n.原因，起因；事业，目标 Even with a staff of 22 volunteers，Thomas often devotes up to 50 hours a week to his cause(事业)． 10．cloudy adj.阴的，多云的→adj.不明朗的，不清晰的 Who will take his place still remains cloudy(不明朗的)． 11．coach n．教练→v.辅导，指导 She coached(指导)me in playing football. 12．count n．& v．计算，数→vi.有价值，重要 It is not how much you read but what you read that counts(重要)． 13．course n．课程；过程→n.一道菜 The courses(菜谱)vary with seasons. 14．cover v．覆盖→v.行走(一段路程)；足以支付，够付；采访n.书刊封面，封皮 Motor－cars cover(行走一段路程)a hundred miles in little more than an hour. To cover(足以支付)the cost of hiring a bus, each student will have to pay $10 each time. 15．cross v．跨越，横穿n.十字→adj.生气的 Don't be cross(生气的)with him—after all，he is a child. 16．desert n．沙漠→v.抛弃，离弃 He deserted(抛弃)his wife and children and went abroad. 17．deal vi.处理，解决→n.交易 Having been cheated in a business deal(交易)，he was reduced to nothing. 18．develop v．发展；开发；研制→v.冲印 Did you have the films developed(冲印)? 19．drive v．驾驶→v.迫使(某人做不好的事) Hunger drove(迫使)her to steal. 20．express v．表达→n.快车 Is there an express(快车)from Nanjing to Shanghai? 21．encourage vt.鼓励；激励→v.促进，助长，刺激 Good health encourages(促进)clear thinking. 22．escape v．逃跑；逃脱→v.被忘掉；被忽视 The name escapes(被忘掉)me for the moment. 23．explode v．爆炸；爆裂→v.勃然大怒；大发雷霆 I'm about to explode(勃然大怒)！He broke his promise again. 24．exploit v．开发；开采；剥削→v.利用 You must exploit(利用)every opportunity to learn English. 25．fail vi.失败→vi.(健康)衰退，变弱 William found it increasingly difficult to read，for his eyesight was beginning to fail(变弱)． 26．foreign adj.外国的；外交的→adj.不熟悉的 The subject is foreign(不熟悉的)to all of us. 27．freeze vi.结冰，(使)冻结→v.惊呆，吓呆 Grandfather froze(吓呆) in fear. Was he going to lose his job? 28．fresh adj.新鲜的→adj.无经验的 She is quite fresh(无经验的)to the work. 29．ground n．地面→n.理由 He has strong grounds(理由)for more money. 30．govern v．管理；控制→vt.影响；支配 The law of supply and demand governs(影响)the prices of goods.