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高分英语作文必备 | 9类过渡词+30组同义表达+100句俗语

阅读量:1402     2020.03.27 作者:  晟蔚

一般在写英语作文时,同学们大多数使用的都是简单句的堆砌,偶尔有复杂句,so,and,then,but 等关系词使用频繁,使得句子结构显得松散、呆板,这样的作文即使有良好的观点和主旨也难拿高分。


因此,在表达相同含义时,时常试着换一种表达方式不仅会为作文挣得加分的可能,更有利于我们自己对英语写作保持成就感和新鲜感。


今天,小编就为同学们带来了能为作文“添砖加瓦”的过渡词、同义表达短语等,多多积累,助你作文拿高分~

九类过渡词




类别1:开头常用短语

It's said that...   据说……

As we all know that...   我们都知道……

It's well known that...   众所周知……

As/So far as I know...   据我所知……

It is clear/obvious that...   ……是显而易见的


类别2:表“结构顺序”

first/firstly   第一

first of all   首先

to begin/start with   首先

in the first place   首先

second/secondly   第二 

next   其次;然后

and then   于是;然后       

meanwhile/at the same time   同时

finally/eventually/at last/in the end   最终 

 

类别3:表“并列补充”

also/too/as well   也;同样;而且

both...and...   ……和……

either...or...   要么……要么……

neither...nor...   既不……也不……

not only...but also...   不但……而且……

besides    除此之外

moreover    另外;此外

in addition/additionally   加之;除……之外

by the way   顺便;顺便说

what's more   更重要的是;而且;此外

what's worse   更糟的是

as well as...    也;又;和;及

 

类别4:表“转折对比”

but   但是;而是

however   然而;不过

while   然而

instead   反而

otherwise/or else   否则;不然 

on the contrary/in contrast   相反地

in any case/at any rate   无论如何

some...while others...   一些人……另一些人……

on one hand...on the other hand...   一方面……另一方面……

 

类别5:表“因果关系”

because   因为

since   因为;既然

because of   因为

thanks to   多亏了

now that   既然;由于  

for this reason   由于这个原因

so   因而;这样;如此

thus   因此         

therefore   因此

as a result   结果;因此

so/such...that...   如此……以至于……

in order to/so that...   为了……

 

类别6:表“举例说明”

like   像;如同

such as   例如;像……这样 

for example/instance   例如;比如

 

类别7:表 “特别强调”

especially   尤其;特别

particularly   特别是

certainly/surely   当然    

indeed   确实;的确

obviously   显而易见

no doubt/without any doubt   毫无疑问

 

类别8:表“陈述事实/观点”

to be honest/to tell you the truth   说实话

actually/in fact/as a matter of fact   事实上  

I think...   依我看……

in my opinion   在我看来

as far as I know   据我所知

I'm afraid...   我恐怕……

I hope...   我希望……

 

类别9:表“总结”

in a/one word   总而言之;简言之

in general   一般而言;总的来说

in short/brief   简而言之;总之

all in all   总的来说;大体而言

in summary  总之;概括来说

generally speaking   一般来说

by and large 一般来说

to speak frankly 坦白地说

above all   最重要;首先

after all   毕竟;终究

from the above  综上所述

in conclusion 总之,最后 

at last 最后 


三十组同义表达



1.九个“决定”

decide to do sth.

make a decision to do sth.

determine to do sth.

be determined to do sth.

make a determination to do sth.

resolve to do sth.

make a resolution to do sth.

make up one’s mind to do sth.

set one’s mind to do sth.


2.两个“尽可能......”

as … as possible

as…as you can


3.五个“乐意做……”

be glad to do sth.

be pleased to do sth.

be happy to do sth.

be delighted to do sth.

have pleasure to do sth.


4.九个“准备做……”

get ready for sth.

get sth. ready

be ready for sth.

be ready to do sth.

prepare for sth.

prepare oneself for sth.

prepare to do sth.

prepare sth. for sb.

be prepared for sth.


5.“邀请”与“请求”

Would you like to do sth.?

Would you like sth.?

Would you please do…?

(回答:I’d like/love to.)


6.四个“没用”

It is no use (in)doing sth.

There is no use doing sth.

It is useless to do sth.

It is no good (in) doing sth.


7.三个“结果”

so/such…that…

...enough to do sth.

too … to…


8.六个“花费”

sb. spends some time/money on sth.

sb. spends some time/money (in) doing sth.

sb. pays some money for sth.

sth. costs (sb.) some money

It takes (sb. )some time to do sth.

It takes some time for sb. to do sth.


9.五个“为了”

so that (引导目的状语从句,只位于句尾)

in order that (引导目的状语从句)

so as to do sth. (引导目的状语,只位于句尾)

in order to do sth. (引导目的状语,可首可尾)

to do sth. (引导目的状语,可首可尾)


10.三个“以至于不......”

too…to…

so … that…not…

not…enough to…


11.两个“习惯”

be/get used to doing sth.

be/get accustomed to doing sth.


12.两个“建议”

What about sth./doing sth.?

How about sth./doing sth.?


13.四个“出什么毛病了”

What’s the matter with…?

What’s wrong with…?

What’s the trouble with…?

What happens to…?


14.两个“为什么不......”

Why not do sth.?

Why don’t you do sth.?


15.三个“不但……而且……”

not only…but also

not only…but…

not only…but …as well


16.五个“劝阻”“阻止”

stop sb. (from) doing

prevent sb. (from) doing

keep sb. from doing

discourage sb. from doing sth.

dissuade sb. from doing sth.


17.四个“相处”

get on (well) with sb.

get along (well) with sb.

mix with sb.

mix well with sb.


18.五个“因为”

thanks to

due to

because of

as a result of

owing to


19.两个“形式”

It’s + adj. (for/of sb. ) to do sth. (形式主语)

find/think/feel it + adj. + to do sth. (形式宾语)


20.stress句型汇总

be stressed out

be under a lot of stress

take/stand the stress忍受压力

put stress on sth.强调


21.两个“弥补”

make up for

compensate for


22.五个“在...…看来”

in one’s opinion

to one’s mind

in one’s view

in one’s eye

according to sb.


23.三个“丢”

be lost

be missing

be gone


24.八个“著名”

be famous for sth

be famous to sb.

be famous as

be famous to sb. as

be known for sth.

be known to sb.

be known as

be known to sb. as


25.四个“满意”

be satisfied with

be pleased with

be happy with

be delighted with


26.四个“为……而高兴”

be pleased for sb.

be happy for sb.

be glad for sb.

be delighted for sth.


27.两个“祝贺”

congratulate sb. on sth

congratulations to sb. on sth


28.两个“道歉”

apologize to sb. for sth.

make an apology to sb. for sth.


29.两个“玩得高兴”

have fun (doing sth.)

enjoy oneself


30.七个“一……就……”

as soon as

the moment

the minute

the instant

immediately

instantly

directly

100条中国成语俗语的翻译

1. 爱屋及乌

Love me, love my dog.


2. 百闻不如一见

One look is worth a thousand words.Seeing is believing.


3.  比上不足,比下有余

to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst


4. 笨鸟先飞

A slow sparrow should make an early start.


5. 不遗余力

spare no effort; go all out; do one's best


6. 不打不成交

No discord, no concord.


7. 拆东墙补西墙

rob Peter to pay Paul


8. 辞旧迎新

bid farewell to the old and usher in the new


9. 大事化小,小事化了

try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to nothing at all


10. 大开眼界

broaden one's horizon; be an eye-opener


11. 国泰民安

the country flourishes and people live in peace


12. 过犹不及

going beyond the limit is as bad as falling short; excess is just as bad as deficiency;too much is as bad as too little


13. 好了伤疤忘了疼

once on shore, one prays no more


14. 好事不出门,坏事传千里

Bad news travels fast.


15. 和气生财

harmony brings wealth;friendliness is conducive to business success


16. 活到老学到老

never too old to learn


17. 既往不咎

let bygones be bygones


18. 金无足赤,人无完人

There are spots even on the sun.


19. 金玉满堂

Treasures fill the home.


20. 脚踏实地

be down-to-earth


21. 脚踩两只船

sit on the fence; be a fence-sitter; have a foot in either camp


22. 君子之交淡如水

A hedge between keeps friendship green.


23. 老生常谈,陈词滥调

cut and dried; cliché


24. 礼尚往来

Courtesy calls for reciprocity.


25. 留得青山在,不怕没柴烧

Where there is life, there is hope.


26. 马到成功

achieve immediate victory; win instant success


27. 名利双收

gain both fame and wealth


28. 茅塞顿开

be suddenly enlightened


29. 没有规矩,不成方圆

Nothing can be accomplished without norms or standards.


30. 每逢佳节倍思亲

On festive occasions more than ever one thinks of one's dear ones far away.


31. 谋事在人,成事在天

Man proposes; God disposes.


32. 弄巧成拙

make a fool of oneself in trying to be smart


33. 赔了夫人又折兵

suffer a double loss; lose the bait along with the fish


34. 抛砖引玉

a modest spur to induce others to come forward with valuable contributions; throw a sprat to catch a whale


35. 破釜沉舟

cut off all means of retreat;burn one's own way of retreat and be determined to fight to the end


36. 抢得先机

take the preemptive opportunities


37. 巧妇难为无米之炊

One can't make bricks without straw.


38. 千里之行始于足下

a thousand-li journey begins with the first step--the highest eminence is to be gained step by step


39. 前事不忘,后事之师

Past experience, if not forgotten, is a guide for the future.


40. 前怕狼,后怕虎

fear wolves ahead and tigers behind; hesitate in doing something


41. 强龙难压地头蛇

The mighty dragon is no match for the native serpent.


42. 瑞雪兆丰年

A fall of seasonal snow gives promise of a fruitful year.


43. 人逢喜事精神爽

People are in high spirits when involved in happy events.


44. 世上无难事,只怕有心人

Where there is a will, there is a way.


45. 世外桃源

a retreat away from the turmoil of the world


46. 人之初,性本善

Humans are born good.


47. 上有天堂,下有苏杭

Just as there is paradise in heaven, there are Suzhou and Hangzhou on earth.


48. 塞翁失马,焉知非福

a blessing in disguise;Every cloud has a silver lining.


49. 三十而立

A man should be independent at the age of thirty. /At thirty, a man should be able to think for himself.


50. 水涨船高

A ship rises with the tide.


51. 时不我待

Time and tide wait for no man.


52. 杀鸡用牛刀

use a steam-hammer to crack nuts


53. 实事求是

seek truth from facts; be practical and realistic; be true to facts


54. 说曹操,曹操到

speak of the devil


55. 实话实说

speak the plain truth; call a spade a spade; tell it as it is


56. 实践是检验真理的唯一标准

Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth.


57. 韬光养晦

hide one's capacities and bide one's time


58. 糖衣炮弹

sugar-coated bullets


59. 天有不测风云

Anything unexpected may happen/ a bolt from the blue


60. 团结就是力量

Unity is strength.


61. 跳进黄河洗不清

Even if one jumped into the Yellow River, one can not wash oneself clean - there's nothing one can do to clear one's name.


62. 歪风邪气

unhealthy trends and vulgar practices


63. 物以类聚,人以群分

Birds of a feather flock together.


64. 望子成龙

hold high hopes for one's child


65. 唯利是图

seek nothing but profits; be blind to all but one's own interests


66. 无中生有

a sheer fabrication out of nothing; fabricate rumors out of thin air


67. 无风不起浪

There are no waves without wind. Nothing comes of nothing.


68. 徇私枉法

twist the law to suit one's own purpose


69. 新官上任三把火

a new broom sweeps clean


70. 蓄势待发

accumulate strength for a take-off


71. 心想事成

May all your wish come true.


72. 心照不宣

have a tacit understanding; thoroughly understand each other, without having exchanged a word of explanation


73. 先入为主

First impressions are firmly entrenched.


74. 先下手为强

He who strikes first gains the advantage.The best defense is offense.


75. 热锅上的蚂蚁

ants on a hot pan


76. 现身说法

warn people by taking oneself as an example


77. 息事宁人

pour oil on troubled waters; patch up a quarrel and reconcile the parties concerned


78. 循序渐进

proceed in an orderly way and step by step; advance gradually in due order


79. 严以律己,宽以待人

be strict with oneself and lenient with others


80. 有情人终成眷属

Jack shall have Jill, all shall be well.


81. 有钱能使鬼推磨

Money makes the mare go./ Money talks.


82. 有识之士

a man of insight


83. 有勇无谋

bold but not crafty


84. 有缘千里来相会

Separated as we are thousands of miles apart, we come together as if by predestination.


85. 与时俱进

keep pace with the times


86. 以人为本

people-oriented


87. 因材施教

teach students according to their aptitude


88. 欲穷千里目,更上一层楼

to ascend another storey to see a thousand miles further; Ascend further, were you to look farther.


89. 欲速则不达

Haste makes waste.More haste, less speed.


90. 优胜劣汰

survival of the fittest


91. 英雄所见略同

Great minds think alike.


92. 冤家宜解不宜结

Better make friends than make enemies.


93. 冤假错案

cases in which people were unjustly, falsely or wrongly charged or sentenced; unjust, false or wrong cases


94. 一言既出,驷马难追

A promise is a promise.A real man never goes back on his words.


95. 招财进宝

bring in wealth and treasure


96. 债台高筑

become debt-ridden


97. 众矢之的

target of public criticism


98. 纸上谈兵

be an armchair strategist


99. 纸包不住火

You can't wrap fire in paper.What's done by night appears by day.


100. 左右为难

caught in a dilemma; between the devil and the deep blue sea



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